Conform because closely as you possibly can towards the directions below because of the given information available for you, unless advised otherwise by the teacher
It is helpful to keep track of information such as as you conduct your research:
- Image creator’s name (artist, professional professional photographer, etc.)
- Title associated with image
- Date the image (or work represented by the image) was made
- Date the image ended up being posted online
- Date of access (the date you accessed the image that is online
- Organization (gallery, museum) where in fact the image is located/owned (if relevant)
- Internet site and/or Database title
For more info about citation, consult our Writing & Style Guides.
Citing pictures in MLA 8th ed.
In the place of supplying strict guidelines on the best way to format a citation for particular kinds of sources, the 8 th edition of MLA outlines a universal pair of basic instructions which can be put on any source kind.
Within MLA, whenever supply being documented forms an integral part of a bigger entire, the more expensive entire may be looked at as a container that holds the foundation. Sometimes, there could be one or more container (eg. a television show on Netflix, or an e-book available on Google publications).
To cite a picture you aquired online, make use of the italicized image name or basic description in your text, and then cite it utilising the very very first take into account the works cited entry.
- The Dream (Rousseau) baffled art experts whenever it debuted in 1910, simple months prior to the musician’s death in September of this 12 months.
- As illustrated in Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla (Beletsky), the occurrence of ‘syzygy’ occurs when bodies that are celestial within the sky.
Incorporating pictures to the text of one’s paper
- Position the citation instantly underneath the figure.
- All illustrative material that is visuale.g., an image, map, graph or chart) except musical pictures incorporated into your paper must certanly be labeled “Fig,” assigned lots and provided a caption.
- If complete bibliographical information regarding the foundation regarding the dining dining table or example is supplied when you look at the caption, in addition to supply just isn’t mentioned in your paper, there is no need to add an entry when it comes to supply into the set of works cited.
- Make reference to the figure in-text and offer an Arabic numeral that corresponds towards the figure. Don’t capitalize figure or fig. (eg. “See fig. 1”)
- Underneath the figure, give a label title and its particular corresponding arabic numeral (no bold or italics), followed closely by a period of time ( ag e.g. Fig. 1.). Here, Figure and Fig. are capitalized.
- Cite tables and numbers in accordance with regular MLA guidelines except:
- Utilize commas in place of durations whenever tables that are citing figures, with the exception of the duration at the finish of this citation.
- If you offer complete bibliographic details in a caption, convert the periods ordinarily utilized following the components of a works-cited-list entry into semicolons.
- The medium of book and materials of composition, if crucial that you your conversation, could possibly be included in the final end regarding the entry as optional elements.
- Format the writer’s title aided by the provided title prior to the family members title, ( ag e.g. Jane Smith, perhaps perhaps not Smith, Jane).
- An email on title format: a name is put in quote markings in the event that supply is part of a bigger work. a name is italicized (or underlined if italics are unavailable or unwelcome) in the event that source is independent and self-contained. The name associated with the container is generally italicized and it is accompanied by a comma, considering that the given information which comes next describes the container. Make use of your judgment that is best.
- An email on date positioning: For date posted on the web, stick to the format below. If you would also like to cite the date a picture (eg. artwork) had been produced, you’ll put that date within an element that is“optional spot after the name.
Utilize the following structure as a guideline
- Fig. 1. Author (first, last); “Title”; Container, date, Address; medium (if relevant).
MLA in-text citation instance
The trend of ‘syzygy’ (see fig. 1.) into the evening sky over Chile.
Fig. 1 an outline for an informative essay should. Yuri Beletsky; “Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla”; European Southern Observatory, 3 June 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/; picture.
Use the format that is following a guideline
- Writer (last, very very first). “Title.” Container, date, Address. Accessed date.
- Beletsky, Yuri. “Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla.” European Southern Observatory, 3 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/ june. Accessed 22 Mar. 2019.
More assistance with MLA
To get more instructions regarding MLA citation design and its particular core elements, please see the SFU MLA guide, the MLA Style Center, the Purdue MLA guide, or contact your liaison librarian.
Citing pictures in APA 6th ed.
To cite a graphic you obtained online, make use of the image name or perhaps a basic description in your text, and then cite it with the very first aspect in the works cited entry and date.
- The Dream (Rousseau, 1910) baffled art experts whenever it debuted, simple months ahead of the musician’s death in September of the 12 months.
Incorporating pictures in to the text of the paper
- Within the text, make reference to numbers by their number (i.e., Figure 1 or Figure 2). Try not to make reference to numbers as “the figure below” or “the figure above.”
- The figure # is because it would seem, numbered consecutively, in your paper – maybe not the figure # assigned to it in its initial resource.
- Quantity the numbers consecutively, you start with Figure 1.
- Each figure should have a complete bibliographic entry in your guide List.
- Position the figure close as you possibly can into the section of text referencing it, unless otherwise instructed by the teacher.
- Centre the image into the paper.
- offer a brief description for the image. The caption should act as both an explanation and title.
APA citation example that is in-text
The sensation of ‘syzygy’ (see Figure 1) when you look at the evening sky over Chile.
Figure 1. Syzygy (when three or maybe more bodies that are celestial when you look at the sky) noticeable above an observatory in Chile. From Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla, by Y. Beletsky, 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/. Copyright 2013 by Y. Beletsky/ESO.
Utilize the format that is following a guideline
- Creator’s Final Title, First Initial. (12 months of creation). Title of description or image of image. Type of work. Retrieved from URL/database.
- Beletsky, Y. (2013). Three planets dance over Los Angeles Silla. Photograph. Retrieved from https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/.
- Irish, J. (2019). Sequoia national park. Photograph. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/north-america/united-states/61-national-parks-photos/#/giant-tree-trail-sequoia-national-park.jpg.
- Drewes, W. (n.d.). Frog and bugs (no.200). Painting. Retrieved from https://www.si.edu/object/saam_1968.9.50.
- Simon Fraser University @simonfraseru. (2019, January 23). Foggy at the #Burnaby campus day. #sfu#sfugram#university Instagram photograph. Retrieved from https://www.instagram.com/p/Bs_fr0gA-eH/
More help with APA
For lots more instructions regarding APA citation design as well as its core elements, please see the SFU APA guide, the APA Style weblog the Purdue APA guide, or contact your liaison librarian.
Citing pictures in Chicago/Turabian 17th ed.
Keep in mind that Chicago style describes two distinct citation styles—Notes/bibliography design and Author/date style—and that this guide covers only style that is notes/Bibliography.
Footnotes and endnotes
- Details about paintings, photographs, sculptures, or other pieces of art can frequently be presented in the written text instead of in an email or bibliography. 14.235
- If bibliography or note entry is needed, proceed with the instructions below.
1. First Name Last title of creator, Title of Perform, date of creation or completion, medium, Name of organization, location (if relevant), Address.
As illustrated in Three Planets Dance over La Silla 1 , the sensation of ‘syzygy’ is whenever celestial figures align into the sky|The phenomenon of ‘syzygy’ is when celestial bodies align in the sky as illustrated in Three Planets Dance over La Silla 1.
1. Yuri Beletsky, Three Planets Dance over Los Angeles Silla, June 3, 2013, photograph, European Southern Observatory, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/.